A member of the council that develops policy involving the domain naming system has written an elaborate 2013 outlook for Internet governance. Wolfgang Kleinwachter, a professor of Internet policy and regulation at the University of Aarhus in Denmark, identifies seven critical conferences in the year ahead and explains their possible contribution to the settlement of key governance issues.
He notes the three camps: countries attempting to assert sovereignty in cyberspace, those attempting to create more collaboration, and those who lean toward openness but not if it means greater western control. He sees this tension as Cold Internet War versus Peaceful Internet.
He is not optimistic that this year will break through many of the conflicts, noting it "is unclear whether the Internet will remain in 2013 as open and free as we know it from the previous years with borderless communication and innovation without permission."
He writes: "A probable scenario is the fragmentation of the Internet or a least the cutting out of parts of the global Internet, the so-called 'national Internet segment' which would reduce global communication capabilities for millions of netizens and risk to trigger new conflicts on the frontiers of national sovereignty in cyberspace."